Marital Violence in Taiwan: The Nature, Process and Effects
Roda Chen(General Studies, National Tsing-Hua University)
The purpose of this study is to explore the nature of marital violence in Taiwan ﹔the incidence rates, the pattern and the severity of violence, preciding events before violence , the process and its effects. In addition to using quantitative method of analysing data, the qualitative approach was used too.
The samples of this research were the fifty-five women (the battered group)who came looking for help, and the nighty-six women (the comparison group)who were volunteer workers of the Taipei Social Bureau.
The data of this research is based on the questionnaire filled by these two groups and the depth interview of the battered women.
The research shows that not all marital-violence family are from low socioeconomic level. The education degree of the batterers ranged from elementary school to master degree, and thirty percents of them are above bachelor degree. The family structure were mostly nuclear families with 2 children. In these families, these batterers were extremely dominant. It is worthy of noticing that these battered women did not understand well the content of daily life and the characteristics of their spouses.
Mostly these marital violence families appear to show violent behavior within one year︰ Marital violence usually began after the marrige went deteriorating, yet the deterioration of the marrige were most of the time related to the pressure from life. The most common pressures found in these families were, the spending of money, the husband’s having affairs, the problems of children rearing, the suspicion of the wives for their husbands.
When examining the pattern of violence, the research found that most of the time violence bagan due to a similar event or a certain situation (e.g. the spouses getting home late) The two sides began to argue, their process of interacting appearing stable, and they started to fight when they argued most outrageously. The using of hand as a way of violence is most common.
There are eighteen percent of them at the edge of death caused by the wound of the violence. There are obvious physical wound after the violence. Although the battered women are mostly physically hurt, most of them (44 of them) felt that the help they need most is helping them to recover mentlly.
Marital violence, System theory, The pattern of violence, The cycle of violence, Family structure