作者 |

A(A)

關鍵字 |

女性主義法學、性別平等、性別勞動區隔、女性軍人、男子

Title |

The Politics of Gender Equality in the Military: A Comparative Legal and Cultural Analysis

Author |

A(A)

Abstract |

This research employs multiple standpoints including comparative

law, feminist jurisprudence and gender study, and conducts interviews with

women soldiers to navigate and locate urgent issues on gender and the

military in Taiwan. In this article, I conduct a comparative law and public

policy analysis in three different jurisdictions including the US, Germany

and Taiwan. This project suggests, on the one hand, a methodological

inquiry into the possibility of a global feminism to understand and to

contextualize each country’s unique set of issues; on the other hand,

addresses gender equality within cultural and legal discourse concerning

women soldiers.

As prevalent today, women in the military in Taiwan were ed

separately from men using a different set of criteria, and women are mostly

limited to administrative work along the gender divide. The military school

system currently admits only a certain quota of female students. However,

this practice has been challenged both by individual women who want to

cross the gender divide, and by feminists who advocate for gender equality

as a national agenda. What could then be the key factors to integrate female

soldiers successfully and ensure they have equal opportunities to engage

in all levels and gain no less satisfaction? Firstly, we need to challenge the female quota on gaining entrance to military schools, the sex-based

treatment in military education and on job assignments, and also tackle

the dilemma of work and family. The pervasiveness of gender divide

in all aspects of social life hinders women’s efforts to achieve their full

potential in military. We must reveal the continuous, long-existing gender

discrimination against women in the public sphere since the private lives

of men and women are highly integrated. Thus, gender discrimination

against women is most difficult to identify, sometimes too subtle to tell. To

launch a legal challenge can be one of the ways to negotiate and gain more

power to fight against gender discrimination, at the very least, to facilitate

a change in culture and education so as to alter people’s behavior and to

create a public platform for dialogues and debates.

Keywords |

feminist jurisprudence, sex/gender equality, gender divisions of labor, women soldiers, masculinity

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「姐姐媽媽真偉大!」女性從軍議題之比較法脈絡觀察