作者 |

郭惠瑜(東海大學社會工作學系)

摘要 |

本文旨在探討小兒麻痺女性的母職實踐經驗,透過生命史訪談法訪談十位年齡介於50至60歲的小兒麻痺症女性,研究結果發現小兒麻痺女性無法勝任母職並非因為身心功能缺陷,社會對於障礙女性母職角色的否定、制度缺失與環境限制才是阻礙母職實踐之主因。本文多數的受訪者是小孩的主要照顧者,她們在實踐母親角色的過程中遭受許多質疑,卻能夠發展出自己的母職實踐方式。主流的母職論述影響小兒麻痺女性對母親身分的認同,她們透過自己的育兒經驗重新定義母職的社會意涵,強調母職角色不僅只是滿足孩子的生理需求,關懷與陪伴也是母職實踐的方式之一。

關鍵字 |

小兒麻痺女性、女性主義、母職、交織性、多重壓迫

Title |

The Intersection of Gender and Disability: The Experiences of Motherhood among Taiwanese Women with Polio

Author |

Hui-Yu Kuo(Department of Social Work, Tunghai University)

Abstract |

This article aims to explore the experiences of motherhood among women with polio in Taiwan. The methodology adopted is qualitative, with life history interviews being conducted with ten women with childhood-onset polio aged from 50 to 60 years. The article shows that women with polio face social barriers and environmental obstacles that limit them in fulfilling their motherly roles. Most of the participants are main caregivers, and they are able to develop creative strategies to look after their children. The dominant discourses of motherhood shape their identities as mothers. Some participants put great effort into caregiving activities to prove that they can be ‘good mothers’ despite their physical limitations. Other participants reframe the social norms of the roles of a mother and find their own ways to fulfill motherhood.

Keywords |

women with polio, feminism, motherhood, intersectionality, multiple oppression

障礙與性別的交織:探討小兒麻痺女性母職經驗