EFFECTS OF GENDER AND MARITAL STATUS ON HOUSEHOLD POVERTY IN TAIWAN
Chao-hsien Leu(Ph. D. Graduate Institute of Social Welfare, National Chung-Cheng University)
Using data from the 1990 Taiwan Budget and Expenditure Survey, this study examines the effects of gender and marital status of household heads on the probability of a household to fall into and stay in poverty. Results from the logistic regression analyses are summarized as follows:
1.Compared with male-headed households, the probability of living in poverty and the level of poverty of female-headed households are higher. In terms of marital status of household heads, households headed by widowers/widows are more likely to fall into poverty than those headed by married couples. However, the latter are more likely to become poor than those headed by unmarried people.
2.Using FGT value as an indicator of poverty, we found female-headed households (including widowed, single, divorced and separated) the poorest group followed by male-headed households without spouses, female-headed households with spouses, and male-headed households with spouses, in that order.
3.Factors contributing to household poverty include location of household, marital status, gender, level of education, and age of household head, and (household) dependent ratio. Overall, we found human capital more important than local employment structure or family composition in assessing the likelihood for a household to fall into poverty.
poverty, poverty indicator, female-headed households, cause of poverty