Goddess discourse and gender consciousness: an investigation from Chu-Yuan's and Sung-Yu's odes
Yu-Yu Cheng(Department of Chinese Literature, National Tsing Hua University)
This article, taking examples by Chu-Yuan’s and Sung-Yu’s odes, intends to eek the origin of gender sense in a very important topic of Chinese ode history “goddess discourse.” Especially when we cut into the political dialogues of these odes, on one hand, we can find how narcissistic the ode writers render tender gestures to win the monarch’s sympathy and patronage, then expecting to establish a political utopia by same gender’s alliance; on the other hand, the sorrow of “not appointed to suitable post”(which is often referred by the ode writers) actually corner from the gender distortion that the monarch treats his courtiers as feminine gender, and therefore their self- identification can’t get rid of the shadow from “feudal castration.” In other words, the feminine images in the odes are just like encounter cards played between the monarch and his courtiers; both are male in gender. From the way the courtiers show themselves, and then how the monarch views their gestures, those gender imitations and gender changes vividly picture the fighting networks of the political stage.
Ode, Goddess, Gender