THE EFFECTS OF LIFE STRESS AND EGO STATE ON HEALTH OF MARRIED WORKING WOMEN
Jeen-chiao Cheng(Master, Department of Homeeconomics Education, National Taiwan Normal University)、Jeew-mei Chen(Department of Psychology, National Chengchi University)
To investigate the life stress of married working women, the effects of this stress on women’s physical and mental health, and the intervening effect of ego state between stress and health, the present study surveys 212 married working women by three questionnaires.
The results show that working women, in general, are experiencing much stress. Among different sources of stress, work overload and children’s discipline are the ones women feel most difficult to handle. This study also found that stress affects health, the greater the life stress, the less the general health. Furthermore, ego state plays a mitigating role between stress and health, it can reduce the harmful effect stress has on health.
Based on the results of present study, two suggestions are proposed: firstly, married working women should try to avoid the occurrence of stress events, family members and the society should also support them. Secondly, married working women should strengthen this ego state by self learning or by enrolling in training group, to reduce the threat of stress on health.
life stress, ego state, health, working women