Gender Education in Family Leisure
Jane Du(Department of Social Work National Pingtung University of Science and Technology)
This study examines gender education in family leisure. Using in-depth interviews, nine women’s experiences were analyzed to explore gendered divisions of labor in family leisure, women’s gender perspectives on children’s leisure education, and the possible mechanisms of women’s resistance to gender roles. The findings reveal that women’s family leisure is gendered in various ways, including leisure with children, family festivals and planning family travel. This implies family leisure may function as a means of intergenerational transmission of gender roles. However, women’s attitudes regarding children’s leisure reveal different gendered perspectives, which can be categorized as biological, structuralfunctional, and individual differences. The biological perspective states that children’s leisure should correspond to their biological sex since boys and girls are genetically different. The structural-functional perspective, however, regards children’s leisure as a way of developing socially accepted gender roles and capabilities. Firally, the individual differences perspective values children’s ability to develop their own distinct personalities and capabilities through leisure. Differences in women’s gender perspectives suggest family leisure may not necessarily reproduce gender ideology. In addition, women resist gender roles by reflecting on their own gendered experiences and by transforming their knowledge into practice. In the end, advocacy for gender sensitive leisure education and the construction of critical gender discourses are suggested to facilitate the practice of gender equity education.
family leisure, women, gendered division of labor, gender