Domination and Resistance: A Gender/Sexual Ethnographic Study of the Space in an Engineering University
Fen-Ling Chen(Department of Sociology Yuan Ze University)、Ying-Kwun Chang(Department of Curriculum and Instruction University of Wisconsin-Madison)
While Taiwan’s scholars concerned with the issues of gender and education have focused their attention primarily on elementary and high school educational institutions as their main research sites, analytical research projects concerned with higher education remain quite sparse. Thus, in an attempt to fill in the existing gap, this study explores how mechanisms of domination and resistance operate with regards to gender and education in the higher educational context. We limit our research by investigating a case study of an engineering college that has recently upgraded its status to that of a private technological university. By analyzing relevant ethnographic studies, we forward the premise that gender and sexual biases in the setting of a technological university have grown quite obvious.
What forms of social and cultural mechanisms result in the existing phenomena of domination and resistance in the educational sphere? By applying Michael Foucault’s notion of power relationships, and other relevant discourses from the fields of cultural psychology and feminist pedagogy, we analyze the three spatial concepts-subject, language/ interaction, and space_in regards to education, to discuss how strategies of domination and resistance operate on each of these levels. While focusing on an educational institution with a technological background, we carry out an in-depth discussion of the implications proposed by feminist pedagogy which suggest that schools should be viewed as transformative sites where tactics of countering hegemonic power are being born. Finally, this study maintains that bodily regulations and power relations existing in gender and sexual structures in education must be exposed, in order to allow a full transformation of one’s educational experience to take place.
domination/resistance, power, cultural psychology, feminist pedagogy