九○年代韓國文學 女性小說 韓國小說 申京淑 殷熙耕 孤立化
In Response to An Isolated Society: Self-identification in the Feminist Novels by Shin Kyoung-suuk and Eun Hee-kyung
Tien-Fu Tseng(Department of Korean Language and Culture National Chengchi University)
The purpose of this study is to explore the presentation of selfidentification in Korean feminist novels of the 1990s. During this period, the number of female writers greatly increased and a considerable number of feminist novels began to appear. Many female novelists garnered praise and received abundant feedback from their readers. This was a significant phenomenon in Korean literary circles at the time. Before this period, Korean literature was dominated by males. Thus, the emergence of female writers in the 1990s, coupled with their notable achievements, has been widely discussed and analyzed by Korean literary and feminist scholars.
The rise and growing popularity of feminist novels of the 1990s are primarily the result of extensive feedback from women readers. This also indicates that female writers have not only connected with women readers based on common experiences, but have also successfully transformed their personal experiences into published works.
Despite the slight differences between individual writers, Korean feminist novels of the 1990s generally present women’s complex psychological state that results from a mixture of rejection and dissatisfaction , after having suffered torture and pain imposed by a society which adheres to hierarchy and ranking. These psychological reactions are combined with the experiences of local women readers to generate empathy. In other words, women readers in the 1990s read the literary works through their personal experiences. They regarded their experiences to be commonly shared within society instead of being personal. This background allowed females in the 1990s to create female discourses that present female experiences from a woman’s perspective and to successfully connect with women readers, thus creating an era for female discourses to flourish.
The four novels by the representative female novelists in Korea, Shin Kyoung-suuk and Eun Hee-kyung, are discussed in this study. Specifically, the author aims to explore the position of Korean women and the way they identified themselves in the 1990s, a time when women and their desire were increasingly recognized and emphasized.
This study will provide an opportunity for literary scholars in Taiwan to better understand contemporary Korean literature. Moreover, it is believed that the lives and ideology of modern, highly-educated women in Korea reflect the lives of modern Taiwanese women given the similar advancement of capitalism and civilization in both countries, It is the author’s hope that this study will help scholars better understand the unique issues women face in East Asian countrieswith similar traditions and limitations.
Korean literature of the 1990s, feminist novels, Korean novels, Shin Kyoung-suuk, Eun Hee-kyung, isolation