WOMAN AND NATURE: REFLECTIONS ON THE EMERGENCE OF ECOFEMINISM
Huey-li Li(Graduate Student, Department of Educational Policy Studies, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign)
In this paper, I offer a cross-cultural examination of the three different explanatory accounts of the conceptual connections between the oppression of women and the oppression of nature proposed by Ruether, Merchant, and Gray. I argue that their arguments are not universally valid because they overlook the non-Western cultural perception of male-female and culture-nature relations. However, I find that the perception of woman/nature affinity in the West reveals male hegemony over culture formation and that there are parallels between the operation of sexual oppression and the human exploitation of nature. Nevertheless, I disagree with a reductionistic approach in ecofeminist theorizing which underestimates the complexity of environmental problems.
Ecofeminism, Ecological feminism, Feminized nature