採紮根理論的研究方式我們以深入訪談搜集了有關男女科學家，作家與醫生的自視工作與家庭協調的計質資料。由田野資料與理論性作品如 Nieva (1985), Feldberg & Glenn (1979), Pleck (1977)以及 Rapoport & Rapoport (1965) 不斷辯證式來回導引出本文的理論架構。
Women and Men's Work & Family— Concerning Time
Tsung-kuo Hsu(Department of Sociology, National Chung Hsing University)
Using grounded theory approach, I gathered qualitative data on female & male scientists, writers and physicians’ perceptions of their work & family. The analytical framework of this paper was derived from a dialectical interaction between my field data and conceptual works of Nieva (1985), Feldberg & Glenn(1979), Pleck(1977) and Papoport/Rapoport(1965).
A summary of the findings are as follows:
1.Work & family are two parts in a role system but its interaction affects men & women differently.
2.(2). In the dual-career family, women make all the necessary adjustments on work in order to adapt to family’s responsibilities and indirectly to their husband’s career.
3.Women with family responsibilities are more strongly affected by the quality and/or the length of their work time than men. In the long time span, concerning timing, they are ranked second in priority than men. That is, family’s (including their husband’s) time frame affect women’s career development but not vice versa.
Findings of this research suggest:
1.the definition of the family is important for a study of wouk & family interactions;
2.the very reason for women’s particular wouk pattern, such as the sex labeling of jobs might be explained by the very fact of women’s attempts to coordinate family & work roles. It is especially true when their jobs are characterized by unique temporal dimensions as discussed in this paper.