Gender consciousness and its implications for contemporary women’s art in Taiwan
Ju-Ting Hsu (Mass Communication Department , Hsuan Chuang Univeristy )
This paper is an attempt to discover how female Taiwanese artists present their own gender consciousness through their works. The research pays close attention to the contemporary women’s visual art in Taiwan, including carving, canvas, print, sketch, and film.
The women’s liberation movement and feminism in the 1970s gave birth to contemporary women’s art in Taiwan; women artists began to hold the exhibitions progressively after going through the process of realizing and liberating their femininity. They tried to criticize the artistic field, which had been manipulated by men or under the influence of patriarchal hegemony.
To get the better understanding of gender consciousness and its implications for these artists and their works, the researcher goes firstly by reviewing the literature of feminism and the critics of women’s liberation movement, and then uses the documentary analysis and in-depth interview as the method.
The result showed that through three major forms, these artists tried to bring about a peculiar way of feminist seeing. The first form is the displaying their bodies as a way to subvert series of binary oppositions set up by the patriarchal unconsciousness. Meanwhile, recognizing their own life experiences, they used “female images” to express female emotions, experiences and desires. Furthermore, they have challenged the absence of women’s artists in canonical art history with their works, writing and constructing their own art history.
visual art, women’s art, feminist, women's liberation movement, gender consciousness